Codes: SALI Areas of Law          
                 
      Version: LMSS v1.0
      Date: 2020-01-13
Category Level 1 Category Level 2 and 3 Description Code Full Code        
Banking Law   Law that governs how banks and other financial institutions conduct business. BANK BANK        
Banking Law Banking Operations Law governing routine banking operations including bank capital requirements, risk management, etc. BOPS BANK-BOPS        
Banking Law Bank Secrecy and Anti-Money Laundering Law regulating financial institutions relating to money laundering. SAML BANK-SAML        
Bankruptcy and Restructuring   Laws relating to insolvent individuals and companies. BKCY BKCY        
Bankruptcy and Restructuring Corporate Insolvency Law relating to insolvency of corporations. CBKR BKCY-CBKR        
Bankruptcy and Restructuring Personal Insolvency Law relating to debt relief for individuals. PINS BKCY-PINS        
Constitutional and Civil Rights   Rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals. CIVR CIVR        
  Discrimination Protection from discrimination on grounds such as race, gender, sexual orientation, national origin, color, age, political affiliation, ethnicity, religion, and disability. DISC CIVR-DISC        
  Individual Individual rights such as privacy and the freedom of thought, speech, religion, press, assembly, and movement.   CIVR-INDV        
  Political Political rights include natural justice (procedural fairness) in law, such as the rights of the accused, including the right to a fair trial; due process; the right to seek redress or a legal remedy; and rights of participation in civil society and politics such as freedom of association, the right to assemble, the right to petition, the right of self-defense, and the right to vote.   CIVR-POLR        
Corporate Law   Law that governs the formation and operation of corporations. CORP CORP        
  Business Organizations Law governing the creation and operation of businesses. BIZO CORP-BIZO        
  Corporate Governance Mechanisms, processes, and relations by which corporations are controlled and operated. CGOV CORP-CGOV        
  Mergers and Acquisitions Law dealing with companies that are purchasing and/or merging with other companies. MRGA CORP-MRGA        
Commercial and Trade Law   Law that applies to the rights, relations, and conduct of persons and businesses engaged in commerce, merchandising, trade, and sales. COTL COTL        
  Admiralty and Maritime Law Law that governs nautical issues and private maritime disputes. ADMR COTL-ADMR        
  Antitrust and Competition Law surrounding business competition. ANTI COTL-ANTI        
  .        
  Consumer Protection Law that creates a more equitable balance for buyers in the marketplace and prevents sellers from using dishonest tactics. CSMR COTL-CSMR        
  Trade Law Law, rules, and customs governing trade between countries including imports and exports. TRAD COTL-TRAD        
  Commercial Transactions Law related to business contracts and agreements. TRNS COTL-TRNS        
Criminal Law   Law concerned with the punishment of individuals who commit crimes. CRIM CRIM        
  Anti-Corruption Law addressing bribery of public officials. ACOR CRIM-ACOR        
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  Asset Forfeiture Asset forfeiture or asset seizure is a form of confiscation of assets by the state. AFOR CRIM-AFOR        
  Business and Financial Crimes Fraud, embezzlement, ponzi, etc. False Claims Act. BIZF CRIM-BIZF        
  Cybercrime Crimes committed using a computer or directed at computers, data, or other information technology - piracy, hacking, etc. CYBR CRIM-CYBR        
  Organized Crime Law related to curtailing organized crime. ORGC CRIM-ORGC        
Education Law   The body of state and federal law that covers teachers, schools, school districts, school boards, and the students they teach. EDUC EDUC        
Energy Law   Law concerned with creating, enforcing and challenging laws that regulate energy use. ENRG ENRG        
  Nuclear Law regulating nuclear power and nuclear materials. NUCL ENRG-NUCL        
  Oil and Gas Law pertaining to the acquisition and ownership rights in oil and gas both under the soil before discovery and after its capture, and adjudication regarding those rights. OILG ENRG-OILG        
  Renewable Energy Laws pertaining to renewable energy. RENE ENRG-RENE        
  Hydroelectric Energy Law Laws pertaining to hydroelectric power. HYDROE ENRG-RENE2-HYDROE        
  Solar Energy Law Laws pertaining to solar power. SOLARE ENRG-RENE2-SOLARE        
  Wind Power Law Law pertaining to wind power. WINDRE ENRG-RENE2-WINDRE        
  Sales and Transmission Law involving all aspects of the economic regulation of energy utilities including electric utilities, power generation and electric transmission, distribution of electricity, natural gas, crude and petroleum, and coal. SLTR ENRG-SLTR        
Environmental and Natural Resource Law   Law addressing environmental pollution and natural resource management. ENVT ENVT        
  Air Quality Law governing the emission of air pollutants into the atmosphere. AIRQ ENVT-AIRQ        
  Contaminant Cleanup Law governing the removal of pollution or contaminants from environmental media such as soil, sediment, surface water, or groundwater. CCLN ENVT-CCLN        
  Chemical Safety Law governing the use of chemicals in human activities, particularly man-made chemicals in modern industrial applications. CHMS ENVT-CHMS        
  Impact Assessment Assessment of the environmental consequences (positive and negative) of a plan, policy, program, or actual projects prior to the decision to move forward with the proposed action. ENIA ENVT-ENIA        
  Forest Resources Laws governing activities in designated forest lands, most commonly with respect to forest management and timber harvesting. FORR ENVT-FORR        
  Fish and Game Laws regulating the right to pursue and take or kill certain kinds of fish and wild animal (game). FSHG ENVT-FSHG        
  Mineral Resources Laws covering the ownership of the mineral resource and who can work them. MINR ENVT-MINR        
  Water Quality Law governing the release of pollutants into water resources. WATQ ENVT-WATQ        
  Water Resources and Wetlands Laws governing the ownership and use of water resources, including surface water and groundwater, oceans and seas. WATR ENVT-WATR        
  Wildlife and Plants Laws governing the potential impact of human activity on wild animals or plants, whether directly on individuals or populations, or indirectly via habitat degradation. WLPL ENVT-WLPL        
  Waste Management Law governing the transport, treatment, storage, and disposal of all manner of waste, including municipal solid waste, hazardous waste, and nuclear waste. WSTM ENVT-WSTM        
Finance and Lending   Law supporting the function of providing loans or other financing to businesses or individuals. FINL FINL        
  Commercial Finance Law supporting the function of providing loans or other financing to businesses. COMF FINL-COMF        
  Lender Liability Law which holds lender liable for a borrower's financial losses that are directly or indirectly related to the lender's actions. LNDL FINL-LNDL        
Food and Drug Law   Laws regulating food, drugs, and cosmetics. FOOD FOOD        
Gaming Law   Law, rules, and regulations that apply to the gaming or gambling industry. GAME GAME        
Health Law   Law, rules, regulations and other jurisprudence among providers, payers and vendors to the health care industry and its patients; and (2) delivery of health care services; all with an emphasis on operations, regulatory and transactional legal issues. HLTH HLTH        
Information Security Law   Law regulating the protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access INFS INFS        
  Cybersecurity Law and rules related to the protection of information and information systems. CYBR INFS-CYBR        
  Government Access and Disclosure Law relating to the access and disclosure of information by a government. GVTA INFS-GVTA        
  Privacy Laws regulating the storing, and using of personally identifiable information of individuals. PRIV INFS-PRIV        
Insurance Law   Law surrounding insurance, including insurance policies and claims. INSU INSU        
Intellectual Property Law   Law protecting the legal rights to inventions, designs, and artistic works. INTP INTP        
  Copyright Law Laws intended to encourage the creation of art and culture by rewarding authors and artists with a set of exclusive rights. COPY INTP-COPY        
  Patent Law Law is designed to encourage inventors to disclose their new technology to the world by offering the incentive of a limited-time monopoly on the technology. PATE INTP-PATE        
  Trademark and Trade Dress Law Law protecting a business' commercial identity or brand by or product design discouraging other businesses from adopting a name, logo or design that is "confusingly similar" to an existing trademark or design. TMRK INTP-TMRK        
  Trade Secret Law Law relating to trade secrets. TSCR INTP-TSCR        
Labor and Employment Law   Law relating to the relationship between trade individuals, unions, employers and the government. LEMP LEMP        
  Employment Discrimination Law relating to protected class employment discrimination including retaliation and harassment DSCE LEMP-DSCE        
  Employment Health and Safety Law governing the health and safety of employees. HLTE LEMP-HLTE        
  Employment Immigration National statutes, and regulations governing employment-based immigration into and deportation from a country. IMME LEMP-IMME        
  Labor Law Law relating to the relationship between trade unions, employers and the government. LABR LEMP-LABR        
  Pension and Benefits Law Law relating to retirement and welfare benefit plans, with particular emphasis on benefits arrangements. PENB LEMP-PENB        
  Unemployment Benefits Unemployment benefits refer to those benefits given by the government to unemployed persons. UNBE LEMP-UNBE        
  Wage and Hour Law Law that governs the wages rates an employer can pay its employees, the hours for which an employer must compensate its employees, child labor laws and meal and break laws. WGHR LEMP-WGHR        
  Workers Compensation Law Law addressing wage replacement and medical benefits to employees injured in the course of employment. WORK LEMP-WORK        
  Termination Law encompassing rules by which an employer may terminate an employee. WTRM LEMP-WTRM        
Personal and Family Law   Law that deals with family matters and domestic relations. PFAM PFAM        
  Adoption, Surrogacy and Paternity Laws relating to adoption, surrogacy and paternity. ADOP PFAM-ADOP        
  Immigration Law National statutes, and regulations governing immigration into and deportation from a country including issues of naturalization and citizenship. IMMF PFAM-IMMF        
  Juvenile Law Juvenile law and child protective proceedings. JUVL PFAM-JUVL        
  Matrimonial Laws relating to marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships. MATR PFAM-MATR        
  Probate   PROB PFAM-PROB        
  Trusts and Estate Planning   TRES PFAM-TRES        
Public and Administrative Law   Law which governs relationships between individuals and the government, and the activities of administrative agencies of government including rule making, adjudication, or the enforcement of a specific regulatory agenda. PUBL PUBL        
  Election Law Legal procedures and regulations governing elections. ELEC PUBL-ELEC        
  Government Contracts Laws relating to contracts in which the government is a party. GOVC PUBL-GOVC        
  Indigenous People's Law Legal procedures and regulations that are specific to indigenous peoples' rights. INDI PUBL-INDI        
  Military and Veterans Law Legal procedures and regulations specific to the military and veterans rights. MILV PUBL-MILV        
  Public Finance Law including legislation and regulations relating to the financial activities of government or public sector organizations. PFIN PUBL-PFIN        
  Public Policy and Government Affairs Rules surrounding lobbying and political advocacy. PPGA PUBL-PPGA        
  Project Finance Law Legal procedures and regulations specific to the development, equity and non-recourse debt financing, construction, operation, and maintenance of major industrial and infrastructure projects. PRJF PUBL-PRJF        
  Public Health and Welfare Law relating to the authority of the government at various jurisdictional levels to improve the health of the general population within societal limits and norms. WELF PUBL-WELF        
Real Property Law   Law that governs the various forms of ownership and tenancy in real property. REAL REAL        
  Construction and Development Law dealing with matters relating to building construction, engineering, and related fields. CONS REAL-CONS        
  Eminent Domain Law Law regulating the taking of private land for public use. EMDN REAL-EMDN        
  Landlord Tenant Law Law that details the rights and duties of landlords and tenants LLTN REAL-LLTN        
  Land Use and Zoning Law Law regulating the subdivision, use, and restriction of land. LUZN REAL-LUZN        
  Property Rights and Transactions Law relating to the acquisition and transfer of real property. PTRN REAL-PTRN        
Securities and Financial Instruments Law   Law covering transactions and other dealings with securities including both federal- and state-level regulation by purely governmental regulatory agencies, listing requirements of exchanges, and rules of self-regulatory organizations. SECU SECU        
  Broker-Dealer Law surrounding individuals engaged in effecting transactions in securities for others or for their own account. BROK SECU-BROK        
  Commodities Law governing commodities and futures trading activities. COMM SECU-COMM        
  Derivatives and Futures Law governing derivatives. DERV SECU-DERV        
  Exchanges Rules regarding market places or facilities for bringing together purchasers and sellers of securities. EXCH SECU-EXCH        
  Investment Advisor Rules regarding investment adviser duties and responsibilities. INVA SECU-INVA        
  Investment Companies Regulations on companies that engage primarily in investing, reinvesting, and trading in securities, and whose own securities are offered to the investing public. INVC SECU-INVC        
  Security Offerings and Capital Markets Corporate debt and equity issuance (public and private) and markets. OFFR SECU-OFFR        
  Structured Finance Law surrounding securitization and asset-backed securities. STRF SECU-STRF        
Tax and Revenue Law   Law which deals with the constitutional, common-law, statutory, tax treaty, and regulatory rules that constitute the law applicable to taxation. TAXR TAXR        
  Estates, Gifts, and Trusts Laws regulating estate or personal planning and administration. ESTA TAXR-ESTA        
  Non-Profit and Exempt Organizations Laws that govern non-profit and charitable organizations operations and management. NONP TAXR-NONP        
  Tax Federal, State, and Local tax laws. TAXL TAXR-TAXL        
Telecommunications Law   Laws regulating telecommunications and broadcasting. TELE TELE        
  Telecommunication Utilites Laws regulating telecommunications and broadcasting utilities. TELEUTIL TELE-TELEUTIL        
Personal Injury and Torts   Law which allows an injured person to obtain compensation from the person who caused the injury. TORT TORT        
  Assault Law relating to inflicting physical harm or unwanted physical contact upon a person or a threat or attempt to commit such an action. ASLT TORT-ASLT        
  Defamation The action of damaging the good reputation of someone; slander or libel. DEFA TORT-DEFA        
  Fraud and Economic Torts The wrong done by another person or business that occurs in, or affects, commerce. FRAU TORT-FRAU        
  Negligence and Malpractice Failure to exercise the care that a reasonably prudent person or professional, in the case of professional negligence, would exercise in like circumstances and the harm caused by those actions. NGMP TORT-NGMP        
  Product Liability Law relating to liability for injuries caused by defective or unsafe products. PRDL TORT-PRDL        
Transportation Law   Law involving transportation infrastructure and all forms of road, railway, water and air transport. TRAN TRAN        
  Aviation Law Law that concerns flight, air travel, and associated legal and business concerns. AVIA TRAN-AVIA        
  Motor Vehicle Law Law covering all the aspects of registering and titling motor vehicles, and licensing drivers. MOTV TRAN-MOTV        
  Railway Law Law that concerns railways and associated legal and business concerns. RAIL TRAN-RAIL